Get Familiar With Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease is referred to the gradual loss of kidney’s function with the passage of time. Also known as chronic renal disease, chronic kidney disease includes all those conditions that damage the kidney’s natural ability to perform its function properly. The basic function of the kidneys is to purify the blood by removing all the toxins and waste materials from the body through urination. In case of any health problems that are related to kidneys, always prefer consulting the best nephrologists in Pakistan, the kidney specialists.

In chronic kidney disease, waste materials start building up in the blood of the patient while making him sick. It then gives birth to many health complications such as hypertension, anemia, weak bones, nerve damage etc. Such problems get worse over time. However, early diagnosis and treatment by the best nephrologist can prevent chronic kidney disease from becoming worse. Whereas, on the contrary, if the kidney disease progresses over time, it can result in kidney failure, which requires dialysis or a kidney transplant to survive.

What Are The Causes Of Chronic Kidney Disease?

Majorly, diabetes and hypertension (high blood pressure) are accountable for causing chronic kidney disease. In diabetes, the blood sugar level is too high that it damages many organs of the body including the kidneys, the heart, blood vessels and nerves. Whereas, hypertension occurs when the pressure of the blood against the walls of the blood vessels is increased. Untreated high blood pressure is the primary cause of heart attack and chronic kidney disease; therefore, taking treatment of hypertension from the best general physician is very important.

Other causes of chronic kidney disease include:

Glomerulonephritis: Collectively, it is a group of diseases that cause inflammation to the filtering units of the kidneys, which are responsible for filtering the blood. These diseases are the third most frequent type of kidney disorder.

Polycystic kidney disease: It is an inherited disease that results in the formation of large cysts in the kidneys, which further damage the surrounding tissues of the kidneys.

Diseases that affect the body’s immune system such as lupus also add up as one of the causes behind chronic kidney disease.

Kidney stones, tumors and enlarged prostate gland cause obstructions that can damage the kidneys.

Frequent urinary infections can also result in chronic kidney disease.

In case of any of these kidney disorders, do not delay consulting the best nephrologist.

Symptoms Of Chronic Kidney Disease

Many people may not experience any severe symptoms until their kidneys are partially or completely damaged. However, the possible symptoms of chronic kidney disease are:

Feelings of exhaustion and lack of energy

Loss of concentration

Poor appetite

Sleeping disorders

Muscle cramps during the night

Swollen feet and ankles

Puffiness around the eyes

Dry and itchy skin

Need to urinate very often, especially at night

See the best nephrologist in Lahore if you have been facing such symptoms.

In addition, chronic kidney disease has been classified into five different stages from mild to severe kidney damage. If you want to know about these stages, keep on reading then!

Stage 1:

In stage 1, the kidneys of the patient are still healthy, but it can show some initial signs of kidney damage. These signs could be protein in the urine of the patient or any physical damage to the kidneys. If a person has been diagnosed with stage 1 of chronic kidney disease, he needs to control diabetes and blood pressure as well as; he should avoid the use of tobacco. A healthy diet and mindful eating alongside physical activity can reduce the risk of further damage to the kidneys. Besides, the patient should take proper treatment from the best nephrologist to avert further complications.

Stage 2:

In stage 2 of chronic kidney damage, mild damage to the kidneys is observed. The signs of stage 2 are similar to that of stage 1. One should manage blood sugar level if he has diabetes, high blood pressure, avoid smoking, eat a healthy diet and see the best nephrologist instead of a general physician.

Stage 3:

In this stage, the affected person needs to pay more attention as the kidneys are not working as they should. The visible symptoms of stage 3 kidney damage can be swelling in the hands and feet, back pain and urination more or less than normal. As well, stage 3 can result in several health complications such as bone disease, anemia and hypertension. The preventive measures are also the same for stage 3 of chronic kidney disease, however; consulting the best nephrologist becomes more crucial. 

Stage 4:

Stage 4 of the kidney disease is the last stage before complete kidney failure. The symptoms of stage 4 of kidney damage include swelling in hands and feet, back pain and abnormal urination. Similar to stage 3, it can also give birth to certain health complications. A regular appointment with the best nephrologist should be seriously considered.

Stage 5:

In stage 5, the kidneys of the patient are either very close to failure or have entirely failed. In complete kidney failure, toxins start accumulating in the blood, which makes a person feel very sick. The symptoms of complete kidney failures are itching, muscles cramping, lost appetite, swelling and trouble while sleeping and breathing. In the case of kidney failure, dialysis or a kidney transplant is mandatory for the patient to survive. The best nephrologists are specialized doctors who perform kidney transplantation and dialysis.

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