What is Alzheimer’s?

Alzheimer’s disease is a growing and irreversible disease of the brain that causes memory loss and affecting the ability to think, while also interfering with the ability to function day by day in later stages.

۔ What are the causes of Alzheimer’s disease?

Although Alzheimer’s disease mainly affects old age, it is not part of old age. Researchers do not say for sure why some people get the disease and others do not, but they believe that in two cases nerve damage is a symptom.

The entanglement of nerve cells is called neurofibrillary-tangles and

Beta-amyloid – the storage of proteins that are produced in the brain

 But why nerve damage occurs in people with Alzheimer‘s disease is not yet fully understood.

Feeling uncomfortable

Having difficulty concentrating

Having trouble doing normal activities

Rapid mood swings such as anger or anxiety

Easy to forget and difficult to speak

People with Alzheimer‘s disease can forget their family members during the acute stages of the disease. They may even forget how to eat or use the toilet themselves.

۔ Is there a risk?

Scientists believe that the causes of Alzheimer’s disease for most people are a combination of genetic, lifestyle and environmental factors that affect the brain over time.

Risk factors include people over the age of 65, women, family history of the disease, mental disorders and people with mental retardation.

Studies have shown that certain aspects of heart disease increase the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. These include excessive sitting, obesity, smoking, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and uncontrolled diabetes.

۔ How is Alzheimer’s disease diagnosed?

Doctors use a variety of methods and tools to determine if a person with memory problems has Alzheimer’s disease, including:

Detailed medical history

Physical and neurological examination

Blood tests to diagnose other causes of memory loss, including thyroid dysfunction or vitamin deficiency

Mental condition and neurological and physical tests

Brain tests such as MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), CT (computerized tomography) and PET (positron emission tomography)

۔ What is the treatment?

Current methods of treatment are very limited and bring only slight improvement in the patient‘s symptoms. Medication or adjutant therapy is the only treatment.

Drug therapy

There are currently two types of medications used to treat amnesia:

Cholinesterase inhibitors that work to increase the communication system from one cell to another by providing the neurotransmitter (acetylcholine) that is lost in the brain due to Alzheimer’s disease.

Memantine This drug works in another communication cell of the brain and slows down the process of increasing the symptoms of moderate to severe Alzheimer’s disease.

Sometimes other medications, such as lowering stress, can help control the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease.

Adjuvant therapy

Alzheimer’s patients need constant help, encouragement and supervision. It aims to make it easier and simpler for Alzheimer’s patients to remember things.

In addition to medication, doctors recommend exercise to promote restful sleep and prevent constipation.

Alzheimer’s patients should always wear an ID card or a medical alert bracelet if they are walking alone.

People with Alzheimer’s may forget to eat and lose interest in preparing food or eating healthy food.

Family members need to make sure that these patients get adequate food and plenty of fluids throughout the day.

Family members need to keep close contact with the doctor, physiotherapist and dietitian to make the right treatment plan for the patient.

۔ Is Alzheimer’s disease safe?

The exact cause of Alzheimer’s disease is still unknown, so there is no way to avoid it. Studies show that heart disease increases the risk of Alzheimer’s disease. You can reduce your risk of Alzheimer’s disease by reducing your heart disease.

Here are some simple steps you can take to improve your heart health:

Quitting smoking

Quit drinking

Eat a healthy and balanced diet, including fruits and vegetables, four to five times a day

Make sure your blood pressure is under control and normal with regular medical tests

If you are diabetic, make sure you use food and medicine.

Stay mentally active. Studies suggest that the rate of mental retardation is lower in people who remain as mentally, physically and socially strong as possible throughout their lives and enjoy a variety of activities and hobbies.

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